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Science Online Tutors, Science Online Tuition Classes, Science Online Private Teachers near me in British Columbia BC, Canada Ca


Science Online Tuition Classes, Science Online Tutors, Science Online Private Teachers, Science Live Classes and Science Live Tutors near me in British Columbia - BC, Canada - Ca :


Wise Turtle Academy delivers excellent Science Online Tuition Services & Online Tutoring to the students in all the areas of British Columbia, Canada. The prominent areas of British Columbia, Canada covering Science Online Tuition Classes, Science Online Private Teachers, Science Online Tutors & Science Online Tutoring services near me are Abbotsford, Agassiz, Aldergrove, Anmore, Belcarra, Blubber Bay, Boston Bar, Bowen Island, Brackendale, Britannia Beach, Burnaby, Cawston, Chilliwack, Coquitlam, Cultus Lake, D'arcy, Delta, Deroche, Dewdney, Egmont, Furry Creek, Gambier Island, Garden Bay, Garibaldi Highlands, Gibsons, Gillies Bay, Harrison Hot Springs, Harrison Mills, Hope, Lake Errock, Langley, Lindell Beach, Lions Bay, Lund, Madeira Park, Maple Ridge, Mayne Island, Mission, Mount Currie, New Westminster, North Bend, North Vancouver, Pemberton, Pitt Meadows, Port Coquitlam, Port Mellon, Port Moody, Powell River, Richmond, Roberts Creek, Rosedale, Sechelt, Seton Portage, Spuzzum, Squamish, Surrey, Tsawwassen, Tulameen, Van Anda, Vancouver, West Vancouver, Whistler, White Rock, Winter Harbour, Woss, Yale. There are many more areas near me in British Columbia - BC, Canada, that are covered under our services of Science Online Tuition Classes, Science Online Tutors, Science Online Private Tutors, Science After School Help and Science Online tutoring. In case, if your residential areas near me in British Columbia - BC, Canada, don't show up in the list of above prominent areas, please contact us directly to clarify further.

Outline of Science Provincial Core curriculum for Grade - 10 ( Ten - X ) in British Columbia BC, Canada Ca :

DNA Structure and Function :
genes and chromosomes
gene expression
interactions of genes and the environment
Patterns of Inheritance :

Mendelian genetics, Punnett squares, complete dominance, co-dominance, incomplete dominance, sex-linked inheritance, human genetics 
Mutation :
positive, negative, and neutral impacts
mutagens and carcinogens
Natural Selection :
adaptive radiation
selection pressure (e.g., adaptation and extinction, invasive species)
Artificial Selection : 
in agriculture (e.g., monoculture, polyculture, food sustainability)
breeding (plant and animal)
Applied Genetics :

genomics, GMOs, gene therapy, cloning, stem cells, reproductive technology, species, population and ecosystems, forensics, genetic engineering
Ethical Considerations :

the health, environmental, social, and political implications of modern genetics
Chemical Reactions :

types include synthesis, decomposition, single-double replacement, combustion/oxidation, neutralization
Energy Change : 
exothermic and endothermic
activation energy
Practical Applications and Implications of Chemical Processes :

household chemical safety (e.g., ammonia and bleach), combustion 
(e.g., forest fire, fire triangle, kindling temperature, ignition point, oxygen concentration), polymer chemistry, semiconductors, resource extraction 
(e.g., ore, fracking), pulp and paper chemistry, food chemistry, corrosion/prevention, tanning, traditional medicines, phytochemistry, pharmaceuticals, environmental remediation, water quality, oil spill cleanup
Nuclear Energy : 
fission versus fusion
nuclear technologies and implications (e.g., nuclear power, medical isotopes, tanning beds, dental X-rays, food irradiation, radioactive dating)
positive and negative impacts, including environmental, health, economic
Radiation : 
ionizing versus non-ionizing
alpha, beta, gamma
Potential :

stored energy ( gravitational PE = mgh )
Kinetic :

energy of motion ( translational KE = 1/2 mv2 ) 
Transformation of Energy :
transfer of energy in closed and open systems
heat ( Q = mc∆ T )
Impacts of Energy Transformations :

pollution, habitat destruction, carbon dioxide output
Components of the Universe over Time :

changes to energy, matter, fundamental forces
Astronomical Data and Collection Methods :

different types of data are collected and analyzed as evidence to support theories about the universe (e.g., radio telescopes, background microwave radiation, red and blue Doppler shift, Mars rover, SNOLAB, ISS, Canadarm / Dextre )

With Wise Turtle Academy, a Student can get best Science Online tuition classes, Science Online Tutors, Science Online Private Tutors, Science Online Trainers, as well as many other subjects conforming to curriculum prescribed for the province of British Columbia ( BC ), Canada ( Ca ). These classes are delivered by well qualified and highly experienced Online tutors near me in British Columbia ( BC ), Canada ( Ca ). The scope of Online tuition delivery by competent Online tutors vary with various Grades right from Kindergarten, Grade 1 ( 1st - I ) , Grade 2 ( 2nd - II  ) , Grade 3 ( 3rd - III ) , Grade 4 ( 4th - IV ) , Grade 5 ( 5th - V ) , Grade 6 ( 6th - VI ) , Grade 7 ( 7th - VII ) , Grade 8 ( 8th - VIII ) , Grade 9 ( 9th - IX ) , Grade 10 ( 10th - X ) , Grade 11 ( 11th - XI ) , Grade 12 ( 12th - XII ) to College level education curriculum. More areas covered near me in British Columbia - BC, Canada are Delta, Denmanisland, Dennyisland, Destinybay, Dogcreek, Domecreek, Douglaslake, Duncan, Dunster, Eaglebay, Eaglecreek, Eastgate, Edgewater, Edgewood, Elkford, Elko, Endako, Enderby, Erickson, Errington, Esquimalt, Fairmonthotsprings, Falkland, Fannybay, Farmington, Fauquier, Fernie, Field, Forestgrove, Fortfraser, Fortnelson, Fortst.James, Fortst.John, Fortsteele, Francoislake, Fraser, Fraserlake, Fruitvale, Gabriola, Galianoisland, Galloway, Gangranch, Gardenbay, Genelle, Germansenlanding, Gibsons, Gitanmaax, Gitsegukla, Gitwinksihlkw, Goldbridge, Goldcreek, Goldriver, Golden, Goodhopelake, Goodlow, Grandforks, Granisle, Grasmere, Graycreek, Greenwood, Grindrod, Groundbirch, Hagensborg, Haisla, Hanceville, Harrogate, Hartleybay, Hazelton, Hedley, Heffleycreek, Heriotbay, Hixon, Holberg, Honeymoonbay, Hornbyisland, Horsefly, Houston, Hudson'shope, Invermere, Iskut, Jadecity, Jaffray, Jordanriver, Kaleden, Kamloops, Kaslo, Kelowna, Keremeos, Kildonan, Kimberley, Kincolith, Kingcomeinlet, Kingsgate, Kispiox, Kitchener, Kitimat, Kitkatla, Kitwanga, Kleenakleene, Klemtu, Knutsford, Koksilah, Koocanusa-West, Kootenaybay, Krestova, Kuskanook, Kyuquot, Laclahache, Laclejeune, Ladysmith, Lakecountry, Lakecowichan.

Outline of Science Provincial Core curriculum for Grade - 11 ( Eleven - XI ) in British Columbia BC, Canada Ca :

Chemistry :

Electron Configuration :

molecular geometry, valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory
Chemical Bonding :

Lewis structures of compounds, polarity
Bonds / Forces :
covalent bond
hydrogen bond
intra- and intermolecular forces
impact on properties
Organic Compounds :

names, structures, geometry
Applications of Organic Chemistry :

First Peoples traditional practices (e.g., medicines), pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, polymers, cosmetics, metabolism, agriculture, food, biotechnology
Dimensional Analysis :
factor-label method (unit-analysis method)
calculation of mass and molar quantities (using significant figures)
Reactions :

predicting products, reactants and energy changes (ΔH)
Stoichiometric Calculations :
number of molecules
gas volumes
molar quantities
excess and limiting reactants
Chemical Processes :

First Peoples traditional practices (e.g., tanning hides; preparation of food, soap, and natural bleach), smelting, pulp and paper production, food chemistry, photosynthesis and cellular respiration, development of petrochemical smog
Green Chemistry :

development of sustainable processes and technologies that reduce negative impacts on the environment (e.g., reducing toxicity, designing benign solvents, increasing energy efficiency)
Solubility :

dissociation of ions, dissociation equation
Stoichiometric Calculations in Aqueous Solutions :
dilution effect
concentration of ions in solution when two solutions are mixed 
Analysis Techniques : e.g., dissolved oxygen, pH, nitrates, phosphorus

Earth Sciences :

Minerals :
common minerals found in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary environments
valuable, ore-forming minerals found in B.C.
Igneous Rocks :
common types of igneous rocks (e.g., basalt, granite, pumice)
relationships between texture, crystal size, and rate of cooling
intrusive versus extrusive
Sedimentary Rocks :
common types of sedimentary rocks (e.g., conglomerate, shale, coal, limestone) 
chemical/biochemical versus clastic 
Metamorphic Rocks : 
common types of metamorphic rocks (e.g., slate, schist, gneiss)
foliated versus non-foliated rocks 
Geologic Resources :

for example, minerals, ores, fossil fuels, metals, aggregates
Processes :

for example, weathering, erosion, melting, crystallization, metamorphism
Economic and Environmental Implications : 
economic feasibility (e.g., price, concentration, accessibility, environmental concerns)
exploration methods (e.g., use of geochemical and geophysical data, field work, remote sensing, mapping, drilling)
extraction methods (e.g., open-pit versus underground mining, fracking of oil and gas reservoirs, methods of concentrating and refining ore minerals and fossil fuels)
site remediation (e.g., government regulations, failed tailings ponds, acid rock drainage, land reclamation)
Plate Motion : Heat both from within the core and from excess radioactivity within the mantle contribute to ridge push and slab pull, as well as convection currents within the mantle.
Hydrologic Cycle : driven by the transfer of energy within the atmosphere and hydrosphere
Weather : 
air masses
air pressure
humidity and dew point
fronts and frontal systems
extreme weather events
local (e.g., on-shore breeze, tornadoes) and global (e.g., jet stream) air currents 
El Niño and La Niña
Interactions :

atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere
Impacts on the Energy Budget :

both natural and man-made impacts, including:
greenhouse effect
changes to carbon sinks/sources
Evidence of Climate Change :

both historical and recent (i.e., the last 100 years) climate change (e.g., ice core data, deep sea sediments, 
First Peoples knowledge)
Water as a Unique Resource :
fresh water (e.g., rivers, glaciers, groundwater)
salt water (e.g., oceans, salt lakes)
resource concerns (e.g., aquifer depletion, sea water intrusion, contamination from landfills and industry)
Properties of the Ocean and the Ocean Floor : determined by remote sensing and direct observation
Ocean Currents :

dependent on salinity, temperature, and density
Local and Global Climates :
local: on-shore breeze, temperature moderation
global: oceans as carbon sink, albedo effect 
Effects of Climate Change :

for example, ocean acidification, changes to ocean currents, loss of glaciers, rising sea levels
Earth as a Unique Planet :

for example, presence of water, life, protective magnetic field, temperature, atmosphere
Stars : stellar classification, life cycle, magnitude, brightness
Earth-Moon-Sun System :

for example, tides, eclipses, seasonal variation, albedo, precession, moon phases, solar winds

Environmental Science :

Aquatic :

pH, flow, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, salinity
Atmospheric :

sunlight, wind, temperature, pressure
Edaphic : 
soils (e.g., pH, mineral content, water content, temperature, acidity, aeration, nutrients, humus)
topography (e.g., altitude, slope, exposure, mountain chains, valleys, plains)
Levels :

ecosystem, species, genetic 
Roles :

niche, autotrophs, heterotrophs, producers, consumers, decomposers, scavengers, keystone species
Relationships : 
between organisms (e.g., predator/prey, competition, pollination, symbiosis, mutualism, parasitism, commensalism, mimicry)
interactions between biotic and abiotic
Population Dynamics :

cyclic fluctuations, birth rate, fertility rate, carrying capacity
Energy Flow :

food chains, food webs, photosynthesis, respiration, trophic levels, productivity, pyramids of energy and biomass
Matter Cycles :

water, nitrogen, carbon, phosphorus
Succession :

primary and secondary
First Peoples Knowledge and other Traditional Ecological Knowledge :

agriculture, ethnobotany, forestry, fisheries, mining, energy, 
controlled burning, harvesting cycles
Ecosystem Services : water purification, pollination, climate regulation, medicines, food production, waste management
Human Actions : harvesting, resource extraction and consumption, population growth, urbanization, habitat loss and fragmentation, climate change, pollution, introduced species, invasive species, forest fires
First Peoples Ways of Knowing and Doing :

prescribed fire, selective harvesting, plant propagation and pruning, clam gardens
Stewardship :

sustainable use of, and care for, local resources (e.g., school garden, shoreline cleanup, citizen science projects)
Restoration Practices :

the process of renewing and recovering a degraded, damaged, or destroyed ecosystem (e.g., riparian zone recovery, 
invasive species removal, native species planting, ecological engineering, dam removal, hatcheries, wildlife, forestry and fisheries management)

Life Sciences:

Levels of Organization : 

molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, community, ecosystem

Cell Structure and Function :
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
unicellular and multicellular
cell specialization
Reproduction :

mitosis, meiosis, budding, conjugation, binary fission
Energy Transformations : 
cellular respiration: glucose broken down in the presence of water yields energy (ATP) and carbon dioxide
photosynthesis: consumes carbon dioxide and water, produces oxygen and sugars
Viruses :
at the boundary of living and non-living
lytic and lysogenic cycles
viral disease: immunity, vaccines, herd immunity, reducing the spread of viral diseases (e.g., H1N1, avian flu, HIV, Ebola, STIs)
Interrelationships Between Organisms :

plants as indicators of timing for corresponding events, decaying animals as plant nutrients
Microevolution :

change within a species that occurs over time in a population
Changes in DNA :

mutations, population genetics
Natural Selection :

mechanisms of gradual change
Macroevolution :
major evolutionary changes over long periods of time
origin of new species 
Speciation :
neo-Darwinism (gradualism)
punctuated equilibrium
genetic drift
sexual selection
adaptive radiation
Processes of Macroevolution :
Evidence for Macroevolution :
mitochondrial DNA
molecular evolution
fossil record
Genetic Modifications :

gene therapy, GMOs, ethical considerations
Single - Celled and Multi - Celled Organisms :
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
aerobic and anaerobic
sexual and asexual reproduction
Trends in Complexity :

symmetry, coelom, tissue development, transport, gas exchange, cephalization, reproduction, vascularization, 
alternation of generations, seed production
Evidence for Phylogenetic Relationships :

DNA, biochemistry, anatomy, embryology, fossil evidence, biogeography
Taxonomic Principles :
taxa: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
phylogenetic tree (cladogram)
dichotomous key
First Peoples Knowledge on Classification :
classification of animals based on use (e.g., traditional clothing, food, hunting seasons)
classification of BC plants based on use (e.g., food, medicine)
Domains and Kingdoms :
unifying criteria for classification
hierarchical nature of diversity
changing models based on emerging knowledge

Physics :

Vector and Scalar Quantities :
addition and subtraction
right-angle triangle trigonometry 
Uniform and Accelerated Motion :

graphical and quantitative analysis
Projectile Motion :

1D and 2D, including : 
vertical launch
horizontal launch
angled launch 
Contact Forces :

for example, normal force, spring force, tension force, frictional force
Newton’s Laws of Motion :
First: the concept of mass as a measure of inertia
Second: net force from one or more forces 
Third: actions/reactions happen at the same time in pairs
Forces in Systems :
one-body and multi-body systems
inclined planes
angled forces
Power and Efficiency : 
mechanical and electrical (e.g., light bulbs, simple machines, motors, steam engines, kettle)
numerical examples (e.g., resistance, power, and efficiency in circuits)
Simple Machines :

lever, ramp, wedge, pulley, screw, wheel and axle
Electric Circuits (DC), Ohm’s law, and Kirchhoff’s laws :

including terminal voltage versus electromotive force (EMF) (e.g., safety, power distribution, fuses/breakers, switches, overload, short circuits, alternators)
Thermal Equilibrium :

as an application of law of conservation of energy (e.g., calorimeter)
Propagation of Waves :
transverse versus longitudinal
linear versus circular 
Properties and Behaviours : 
properties : differences between the properties of a wave and the properties of the medium, periodic versus pulse
behaviours : reflection (open and fixed end), refraction, transmission, diffraction, interference, Doppler shift, standing waves, interference patterns, law of superposition
Characteristics :

for example, pitch, volume, speed, Doppler effect, sonic boom
frequency: for example, harmonic, fundamental/natural, beat frequency
Graphical Methods :
plotting of linear relationships given a physical model (e.g., uniform motion, resistance)
calculation of the slope of a line of best fit, including significant figures and appropriate units
interpolation and extrapolation data from a constructed graph (e.g., position, instantaneous velocity)
calculations and interpretations of area under the curve on a constructed graph (e.g., displacement, work)

Science for Citizens :

Evidence - Based Decision Making : 
scientific literacy
judging the validity of evidence from a variety of media sources (e.g., peer-reviewed journals, magazines, news, Internet)
scientific laws, theories, hypotheses
misleading scientific claims related to products (e.g., dietary supplements, hair-growth products, magnetic bracelets, anti-aging cosmetics)
Personal and Public Health Practices : 
nutrition and lifestyle choices
allergies and sensitivities 
medications and supplements
vaccination programs
pre-natal care
First Peoples traditional medicines
outdoor activities (e.g., hypothermia, heat stroke, UV protection)
Technologies : 
transportation technologies (e.g., electric and self-driving vehicles)
health technologies (e.g., insulin pump, blood pressure monitor)
media (e.g., smart home, gaming, computer, cell phone)
Personal Safety : 
safe use of chemicals (e.g., bleach, antifreeze, propane)
electrical hazards (e.g., wiring and circuits, circuit overload protection, travel adaptors)
personal protection from electricity (e.g., working near power lines)
interactions of medications 
safety alarms (e.g., smoke, carbon monoxide)
Workplace Safety : 
purpose and role of WorkSafeBC
chemicals found in the workplace or in industrial products, including disposal methods (e.g., paint, art supplies, solvents, esthetic supplies, herbicides and insecticides, cleaners, chlorine, carbon dioxide in confined space)
electricity (e.g., Ground Fault Interrupter [GFI] switches, lockout procedures)
oil and gas production, transport, and use
Certifications :

BC FOODSAFE and responsible disposal, current WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System), 
MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) and other standards, CPR, first-aid, scuba certification, pesticide applications, apprenticeships, 
Red Seal Program, first responders
Practical Applications of Science :

circuits and electronics, hydraulic systems, fluid dynamics, pressure, torque/moment structures, dilution, 
fractional distillation, forensics, computer system analyses
Impacts of Technology : 
robotics and automation
heating and cooling systems (e.g., heat pumps, water heaters, air conditioners, refrigerators)
electromagnetic spectrum (e.g., microwaves, cell towers, radio waves, X-rays)
Applications of Materials Science :
metallurgy :
austenite and martensite crystalline lattice structures/hardening metals
tempering colour in ferrous and non-ferrous metals/alloys
stress–strain graphical analysis (yield point, ultimate strength, breaking point)
welding :
carburizing, neutralizing, and oxidizing flames in gas welding
inert gas in MIG and TIG welding (e.g., argon, CO2)
electrode classification in arc welding
carpentry, construction, and joinery :
structures and codes
concrete admixtures (e.g., air entrained, water reducers, retarders, accelerators)
glue technology (e.g., epoxies, polyurethanes, cyanoacrylates, polyvinyl acetate [PVA], construction adhesives, contact cements, 
urea-resorcinol resins), monomers, polymers
tangential, radial, and transverse wood grains 
power mechanics :
hydraulic systems
quantitative analysis (e.g., horsepower and torque area under the curve, top dead center [TDC], static compression)
plumbing and gas fitting :
hydronic systems (thermodynamics: convection, conduction, and radiation)
gas-fired systems (specific heat, specific gravity)
pressure systems (Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, combined gas law, Bernoulli’s principle)
electrical and computing :
circuits and electronics (Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s law)
integrated circuits
solar photovoltaic (PV) modules
forensics and criminology
hairstyling and aesthetics:
hygiene, sanitation, and disinfection practices
chemical waving and relaxing
hair colouring
petroleum and industrial :
fractional distillation
Beneficial Scientific Innovations :
food security ( e.g., production, distribution )
water treatment and technologies
societal safety ( e.g., infrastructure, transportation )
energy security
Natural Hazards and Responses :
geologic events (e.g., earthquake, tsunami, avalanche, land/rock/mudslide)
weather events: causes and effects (e.g., flooding, wildfire, hurricane, tornado, flooding, drought)
disaster preparedness: survival needs, home and workplace planning and response, industrial accidents (e.g., nuclear plant accident, 
train derailment, oil spill)
Natural Resources :

including availability (e.g., food, water, energy, minerals) and responsible development and use
Effects of Climate Change :
impact on food production
impact on climate (e.g., desertification, changing range of plants and animals)
impact on weather
sea level rise (e.g., infrastructure changes in coastal communities)
ocean acidification
Actions and Decisions :
ethical, cultural, social, economic, environmental, and political implications
waste recycling and disposal including limitations of recycling
agriculture/aquaculture practices and processes (e.g., hydroponics, food crops, feed crops, fuel crops, animal husbandry, fish farms, 
new technologies, use of chemicals, environmental impacts) 
energy generation, use, and efficiency (e.g., production, economics, environmental impacts)
sustainability of resources (e.g., impacts of personal choices, product life cycles)

Wise Turtle Academy has very good experience in Science One to One Teaching, Science Group Teaching, Science Classroom Teaching of curriculum prescribed by province of British Columbia ( BC ), Canada ( Ca ). Science Online Tuition Classes and Science School Online Tuition Classes also assist through Science After-school Study, Science Extra Lessons, Science Reading Help, Science Home Assessment, Science Exam Revision, Science Exam Techniques, Science Extra Tuition, Science Homework Help, Science Exam Preparations, Science Exam Help, Science Solving Assignments, Science Mathematical Formulas, Science Entrance Exams, Science Reasonings, Science contexts. All this pedagogy is quality oriented, contemporary, educational, learning, development and ( British Columbia BC Canada ) curriculum oriented. All these Online tuition classes & Online support services near me are provided by our best, experienced and result oriented Online Tutors in British Columbia ( BC ), Canada ( Ca ).Further areas covered within British Columbia - BC, Canada Ca, are 100 milehouse, 108 mileranch, 150 milehouse, 70 milehouse, Ahousat, Ainsworthhotsprings, Aiyansh, Alertbay, Alexiscreek, Alkalilake, Altona, Anahimlake, Anglemont, Argenta, Armstrong, Arras, Arrowcreek, Ashcroft, Atlin, Avola, Bakercreek, Baldonnel, Balfour, Bamfield, Barkerville, Barriere, Batnunilake, Bayneslake, Bearlake, Beasley, Beaverdell, Bellabella, Bellacoola, Bigcreek, Biglakeranch, Blackcreek, Blindbay, Blindchannel, Blueriver, Bonnington, Boswell, Bowser, Brentwoodbay, Bridesville, Bridgelake, Brisco, Buffalocreek, Buick, Burnslake, Burton, Cachecreek, Campbellriver, Canalflats, Canimlake, Canoe, Canyon, Cassidy, Castlegar, Cawston, Cecillake, Cedarvale, Celista, Charlielake, Chase, Chemainus, Cherryville, Chetwynd, Chilankoforks, Christinalake, Clayhurst, Clearwater, Clinton, Coalharbour, Coalmont, Cobblehill, Coldstream, Comox, Coombs, Courtenay, Cowichanbay, Cranbrook, Crawfordbay, Crescentspur, Crescentvalley, Creston, Crofton, Cumberland, Darfield, Dawsoncreek, Dawsonslanding, Deaselake.

Outline of Science curriculum for Grade - 12 ( Twelve - XII ) in British Columbia BC, Canada Ca :


Anatomy and Physiology :

Biological Molecules :
water, acids, bases, buffers 
dehydration and synthesis reactions
organic molecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, ATP
Metabolism :
anabolism and catabolism
ATP production and utilization
models and regulation of enzymatic reactions (e.g., lock-and-key model)
Enzymes :
substrate, coenzyme, activation energy
regulation of enzyme activity (e.g., allosteric inhibition)
Feedback Loops :
negative :

maintaining normal body temperature
normal CO2 and glucose levels in blood
positive :
temperature regulation (heat stroke, hypothermia) 
CO2 levels in blood (acidosis) 
oxytocin in childbirth
blood clotting
Transport Across a Cell Membrane :
structure of the plasma membrane
selective permeability
diffusion, osmosis, facilitated transport, active transport, endocytosis, exocytosis
Gene Expression :

protein synthesis
Structure and Function of All Cells :

structural proteins, hormones, enzymes
Genomics :

Human Genome Project, 1000 Genomes Project, 1000 Plant Genomes Project, personal genomics
Biotechnology :

cloning, recombinant DNA, GMOs, transgenic organisms, genetic modification, gene therapy
Organization :

molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
Organ Systems :

nervous, endocrine, digestive, cardiovascular, lymphatic/immune, respiratory, urinary, reproductive
Lifestyle Differences :

dietary plans, exercise, sleep, smoking, salt intake, alcohol consumption, drugs, vaccinations, contraception, fertility drugs  
Holistic Approach : health care that integrates mind, body, and spirit with community
Disease : may occur when one or more body systems fail to maintain homeostasis (e.g., ulcers, hypertension, lactose intolerance, diabetes, HIV-AIDS)


Chemistry :

Reaction Rate :
heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions
factors that affect reaction rate
controlling reaction rate 
Collision Theory :
collision geometry
relationship between successful collisions and reaction rate 
relationship of activated complex, reaction intermediates, and activation energy to PE diagrams
Energy Change :

relationship between PE, KE, enthalpy (ΔH), and catalysis 
Reaction Mechanism :
relationship of the overall reaction to a series of steps (collisions)
rate-determining step
Catalysts :

applications (e.g., platinum in automobile catalytic converters, catalysis in the body, chlorine from CFCs in ozone depletion)
Dynamic Nature of Chemical Equilibrium :

reversible nature of reactions, relationship to PE diagram
Le Châtelier’s Principle and Equilibrium Shift :
concentrations of reactants and products
enthalpy and entropy
presence of a catalyst
applications (e.g., Haber process, hemoglobin and oxygen in the blood)
Equilibrium Constant ( Keq ) :
homogeneous and heterogeneous systems
pure solids and liquids
effect of changes in temperature, pressure, concentration, surface area, and a catalyst
Solubility Product ( Ksp ) :

Ksp as a specialized Keq expression
Relative Strength :
electrical conductivity
table of relative acid strength
equations of strong and weak acids and bases in water
Weak Acids and Weak Bases :

equilibrium systems
Titration : the method to find an equivalence point:
strong acid–strong base titration
weak acid–strong base titration
strong acid–weak base titration
Hydrolysis of Ions in Salt Solutions:
acidic, basic, or neutral salt solutions 
amphiprotic ions
Applications of Acid-Base Reactions :
non-metal and metal oxides in water and associated environmental impacts 
The Oxidation-Reduction Process :
oxidation number
balancing redox reactions
Electrochemical Cells :

half-reactions, cell voltage (E0), applications (e.g., lead-acid storage batteries, alkali cells, hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells) 
Electrolytic Cells: half-reactions, minimum voltage to operate, applications including metal refining (e.g. zinc, aluminum), preventing metal corrosion (cathodic protection)
Quantitative Relationships :

quantitative problems using relationships between variables such as :
in equilibrium systems (e.g., Keq, initial concentrations, equilibrium concentrations)
in solutions (e.g., Ksp, prediction of precipitate formation, calculating the maximum allowable concentration)
in water as an equilibrium system (e.g., Kw, [H3O+] or [OH–], pH and pOH)
in acid-base systems (e.g., Ka, Kb, [H3O+], [OH–], pH and pOH)
in a titration (e.g., pH of a solution, Ka of an indicator)
pH in hydrolysis of ions in salt solutions
in a redox titration (e.g., grams, moles, molarity)
in an electrochemical cell (e.g., E0)

Environmental Science :

Water Quality Parameters :

alkalinity, acidity, pH, dissolved oxygen, phosphate, temperature, turbidity, total dissolved solids, nitrate, hardness, conductivity
Bioindicators :

plants, animals, microorganisms, indicator species, biological integrity, species range of tolerance, species richness, diversity indices
Availability :

holding capacity, surface water, groundwater, water cycle, scarcity, drought, snowmelt, runoff, rainfall, flow data, water level, 
floods, glaciers
Water Use Impacts :

point and non-point source pollution, eutrophication, personal care products and pharmaceuticals, waste water, water audit
Conservation of Water :

mitigation, preservation, stream and shore cleanups, invasive species removal, rain harvesting water gardens, xeriscaping, wastewater recycling
Changes to Climate Systems :

sinks and sources of greenhouse gases, snow and ice coverage, land surface coverage, solar radiation, 
energy balance, ocean temperatures, sea levels
Impacts of Global Warming :

increase in extreme weather events, flooding, desertification, ocean acidification, permafrost melting, drought, wildfires, hurricanes, migratory changes, human health, food security, traditional ways of being and doing
Mitigation : addresses the causes of climate change (e.g., emission reductions, renewable energy, green building and construction, urban green spaces, laws and regulations, organic agriculture, closed-loop production systems, recycling and upcycling)
Adaptations :

address the impacts of climate change (e.g., infrastructure changes, drought-tolerant crops, land corridors for species migration, 
flood prevention)
soil characteristics :

types, texture, structure, moisture, pH, percolation, nutrient levels, microbes
Ecosystem Services :

water filtration, temperature moderation, nutrient exchange, waste decomposition, carbon cycling
Land Use and Degradation :

landfills, deforestation, erosion, desertification, habitat loss, urbanization, food production, harvesting, mining,
forestry, recreation
Land Management :

agriculture, green spaces, urban development, forests, waterways, shorelines, protected areas and parks
Sustainable Living :

diet (e.g., 100-mile diet, organic farming, community gardens, reducing meat consumption), sustainable building products, 
reduce household energy use, consumerism (reduce, reuse, repurpose, recycle, upcycle), conserve water, alternate transportation methods, traditional ecological knowledge (TEK)
Environmental Ethics, Policy, and Law :

trade agreements, wildlife trafficking laws, Kyoto Agreement, fishing and hunting licences, 
traditional ecological knowledge (TEK), United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, species at risk, Canadian laws

​Geology :

Minerals :

composition, properties, structure
Igneous : 
Bowen’s reaction series
relationships between texture and rate of crystallization in extrusive (volcanic) and intrusive (plutonic) igneous rocks (e.g., cooling rate, 
flow behaviour)
classification of igneous rocks according to texture (e.g., vesicular, glassy) and composition (e.g., felsic, intermediate, mafic)
properties of common igneous rocks (e.g., granite, andesite, tuff, rhyolite, basalt, obsidian, pumice, porphyry)
volcanic and intrusive features (e.g., lava, pyroclastic flow, batholiths, sills, dikes)
Sedimentary : 
clastic sediments and chemical (precipitate or biochemical) sediments, and the rocks they become
relationships between depositional environments and particle size, shape, sorting, fossils, and organic structures 
properties of common sedimentary rocks (e.g., conglomerate, breccia, sandstone, chert, coal)
sedimentary features (e.g., stratification, cross bedding, ripple marks, graded bedding, varves)
sedimentary features that affect porosity and permeability
Metamorphic :
relationships between the types and characteristics of metamorphic rocks and parent rock, temperature, pressure, and chemical conditions
properties of common metamorphic rocks (e.g., slate, phyllite, schist, gneiss, marble)
foliated and non-foliated rocks
contact versus regional metamorphism
metamorphic grade (e.g., with reference to coal)
Resource Deposits :

resources in the local area: 
hydrothermal and volcanogenic ore deposits
placer and surficial deposits 
oil, liquid natural gas (LNG), coal, and other fossil fuels
Economic, Environmental, and First Peoples Considerations : 
role of geochemical or geophysical data in locating geological resources
factors used to determine economic feasibility of extracting a geologic resource (e.g., price, concentration, accessibility, size, 
environmental impacts)
uses of geologic resources in B.C.
current resource conflicts (e.g., pipelines, oil sands, open-pit mines)
Major Events in Earth’s History :

for example, formation of oldest rocks, earliest recorded life, domination of invertebrates, first land plants, domination of reptiles, appearance of flowering plants, Rocky Mountain orogeny, mass extinctions
Fossil Record :

for example, Foraminifera, Mollusca, Brachiopoda, Echinodermata, Arthropoda (trilobites), Coelenterata (corals), Vertebrata, Graptolithina, Conodonta, algae, plants, reptiles
Evidence of Evolution :

changes found in the fossil record over time as evidence for natural selection, adaptive radiation, 
and punctuated equilibrium
Relative and Absolute Dating :
absolute dating using radioactive isotopes
principles of relative dating (e.g., superposition, unconformities, cross-cutting, index fossils, law of faunal succession)
Volcanic and Deformational Features : 
volcanic features (e.g., contact metamorphism, sills, dykes, volcano types, flow behaviours, extrusive materials, columnar jointing)
deformational features (e.g., folds, faults, mountains)
Evidence :

for example, seismic wave velocities and paths, shadow zones, state of material, density, composition
Earthquakes : 
origin (e.g., shallow, medium, deep focus, location of the epicentre)
properties (e.g., Richter or Mercalli scale, amount of energy released)
potential hazards (e.g., tsunamis, city infrastructures, liquefaction of soils) 
Internal and External Factors :

for example, temperature, pressure, chemical composition
Faulting and Folding :

results of specific tectonic environments and forces:
faulting (e.g., normal, reverse, thrust, strike-slip)
folding (e.g., symmetrical, asymmetrical, plunging folds, domes, basin)
Geologic Maps, Cross-Sections, and Block Diagrams : 
representation of surface and subsurface structures using past or present data
geologic mapping symbols (e.g., strike and dip)
symbols for different rock types and fossils
age of strata
methods of data collection (e.g., surveying, GIS)
Weathering and Erosion Processes : 
modifications of the Earth’s surface and production of characteristic features
mass movements (slide, soil creep)
chemical, physical, and biological weathering
weathering potential of minerals in Bowen’s reaction series (e.g., stability of quartz)
erosion by wind, water, gravity, and ice 
erosion and deposition by rivers
Periods of Glaciation :
characteristic erosional and depositional features and landforms
causes and frequency 
Groundwater and Aquifers :
quality and quantity
water table, zone of saturation
effect of porosity and permeability on aquifer characteristics
artesian wells and springs
use of groundwater (e.g., urbanization, agriculture, sea-water contamination of groundwater, over-pumping)
Controls of Mass Wasting :

for example, drainage, installation of perforated pipe

Physics :

Relativistic Effects :

for example, changes in time, length, and mass
Static Equilibrium :
translational: sum of all forces equals zero (vertical and horizontal)
rotational: sum of all torques equals zero, location of centre of gravity of a uniform body
Uniform Circular Motion :

both horizontal and vertical circles
Changes to Apparent Weight :

vertical and horizontal circles (e.g., on a string, upside down on a roller coaster, on a Ferris wheel, right-side up 
over a hill, centrifuges)
First Peoples Knowledge and Applications of Forces in Traditional Technologies :

for example, Salmon wheel, canoe paddle design, deadfall traps 
Gravitational Field : 
vector field
interacts with mass through gravitons
attractive only
Gravitational Dynamics and Energy Relationships :

satellite motion, orbit changes, launch velocity, escape velocity
Electric Field : 
vector field
interacts with positive/negative elementary charge
attractive or repulsive
single point charges (non-uniform field) and parallel plates (uniform field) 
Electrostatic Dynamics and Energy Relationships : 
relationships between force, charge, and distance on a single point charge:
1D and 2D with other charges 
in orbits
between parallel plates
application of law of conservation of energy and the principle of work and energy (e.g., cathode ray tube, mass spectrometer, particle accelerator)
Magnetic Field : 
vector field
induced by moving charges
interacts with polarity (north/south) 
attractive or repulsive
permanent magnets, straight wires, and solenoids 
Magnetic Force : 
acting on a moving charge or current carrying wire within a magnetic field 
right-hand rules 
Electromagnetic Induction : 
Faraday’s law
Lenz’s law
current induced by a change in magnetic flux
moving a bar, wire, coil, single charge within a changing magnetic field (strength, polarity, or area)
applications of electromagnetic induction: back electromotive force (EMF), direct current (DC) motors, generators, transformers 
Impulse :
relation to Newton’s second law 
in a closed and isolated system
Collisions :
elastic, inelastic, and completely inelastic
multiple objects in 1D and 2D
ballistic pendulums
Graphical Methods :
graphing a linear, exponential, and inverse relationship given a physical model (e.g., electric and gravitational forces and fields versus distance)
determining the linear regression that results from exponential and inverse relationships 
calculating the slope of a line of best fit, including significant figures and appropriate units
interpolating and extrapolating data from a constructed graph 
calculating and interpreting area under the curve on a constructed graph (e.g., impulse)


Specialized Science - Astronomy & Fisheries :

Specialized Science - Astronomy ( Chemistry, Physics, Earth Sciences, Topics in Astronomy ) :

Model of the Atom (adapted from Chemistry 11) :
Sample topics:
behaviour of atoms in outer space
quantum mechanics
energy levels
ground state
excited state
Atomic Spectra (adapted from Chemistry 11) :
Sample topic:
role of spectroscopy in astronomy
Periodic Table (adapted from Chemistry 11) :
Sample topics:
formation of elements: 
on Earth (e.g., artificially created, through radioactivity)
on other celestial bodies (e.g., through fusion)
Translational and Rotational Equilibrium (adapted from Physics 11) :
Apparent Weight (adapted from Physics 11 and 12) :
Gravitational Field and Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation :
(from Physics 12)
Sample topics:
vector field
interactions with mass through gravitons
attraction only
Gravitational Potential Energy (from Physics 12) :
Orbital and Celestial Mechanics : 
uniform circular motion (adapted from Physics 12)
Sample topic:
orbits of celestial objects (e.g., planets and stars)
gravitational dynamics and energy relationships (from Physics 12)
Sample topics:
planetary motion, satellite motion
law of conservation of energy, principle 
of work and energy (e.g., satellite orbits, launch velocity, escape velocity)
Newton’s laws of motion (from Physics 11)
Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Conservation of Energy and Momentum (adapted from Physics 11 and 12) :
Sample topics:
formation of planets
solar thermal equilibrium
linear and angular momentum, rotation of the Earth
Applications of Relativity (adapted from Physics 12) :
Sample topic:
moving in a gravitational field, moving near 
the speed of light
Formation of the Universe :
Sample topics:
big bang theory
expansion of the universe
oscillating universe theory
Hubble’s law
Astronomical Objects :
solar system (the sun, planets, moons, asteroids, comets)
Sample topic:
age of the solar system: clues from meteorites, clues from comets
outside the solar system (stars, stellar groups, planets, galaxies, nebulae)
interstellar medium, interstellar radiation field
Characteristics and Classification of Stars :
Sample topics:
surface temperature
chemical composition
interstellar medium
distance (stellar parallax)
gravitational collapse (formation of structure 
in the universe)
Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
Characteristics and Classification of Planets :
Sample topics:
terrestrial planets
Jovian planets
Stellar Evolution (life cycles of stars) :
Sample topics:
nuclear fusion
brown dwarf (dead star)
main-sequence star (dwarf star)
red dwarf (low mass)
yellow dwarf (mass comparable to the sun)
orange dwarf
red giant
white dwarf, black dwarf (in the case 
of low- or medium-mass stars)
red supergiant, supernova, neutron star, 
black hole (in the case of massive stars)
pulsar, magnetar
Space Technologies :
Sample topics:
space probes
manned missions
International Space Station
space shuttles

Specialized Science - Fisheries ( Environmental Science, Chemistry, Anatomy & Physiology, Life Sciences, Topics in Fisheries  ) :                    Species and Ecological Roles (adapted from Environmental Science 11 and Life Sciences 11) :
Sample topics:
food chains
food webs
Taxonomic Principles for Classifying Organisms : (from Life Sciences 11)
Sample topics:
taxa: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, 
genus, species
phylogenetic tree (cladogram)
dichotomous key
Aquatic Ecosystem Functions and Services (adapted from Environmental Science 11 and 12) : 
Sample topics:
biotic and abiotic components
nutrient cycling
ecosystem services
Organic Compounds (from Chemistry 11) :
Chemical Analysis Techniques (adapted from Chemistry 11) :
Sample topics:
water quality (e.g., dissolved oxygen, phosphorus, nitrogen, pH)
colour and turbidity
organic components
Shifts in Equilibrium Driving Chemical Processes (adapted from Chemistry 12) :
Sample topics:
nitrogen levels
dissolved gases
effects of pollution
nutrient loading
The Body’s Internal Regulation (adapted from Anatomy and Physiology 12) :
Sample topics:
Organ Systems of Fish and Other Aquatic Species (adapted from Anatomy and Physiology 12) :
Sample topics:
Human Impact on Local and Global Ecosystems (adapted from Environmental Science 11 and 12 ) :
Sample topics:
harvesting (e.g., techniques, over exploitation, 
by-catch, aquaculture, commercial fishing, recreational fishing)
habitat loss and degradation (e.g., infilling of lakes, wetlands, or streams; habitat fragmentation; urbanization; clearing of vegetation)
flow alteration (e.g., dams and other impoundments; water diversion; water extraction for agricultural, industrial, or municipal uses)
aquatic invasive species
climate change (e.g., rising sea level, acidification, rising temperatures)
pollution (e.g., bioaccumulation, biomagnification, microplastics)
First Peoples Concepts of Interconnectedness with Land and Place (adapted from Environmental Science 11) :
Sample topics:
cultural connections
traditional harvesting methods
conservation practices
important aquatic systems in B.C.’s First Peoples communities (e.g., Fraser, Skeena)
Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) (adapted from Environmental Science 11) :
Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management (adapted from Environmental Science 12) :
Sample topics:
opening and closing seasons
allowable catch and other quotas
stock management
angling licenses
commercial harvesting
recreational fishing
Acts and international treaties (e.g., Pacific Salmon Treaty)
Sustainable Resource Practices (adapted from Environmental Science 11 and 12) :
Sample topics:
First Peoples fishing methods
harvesting technologies (e.g., hook and line, 
rod and reel, spear fishing, cast net)
certifications (e.g., Marine Stewardship Council [MSC], Aquaculture Stewardship Council [ASC], Ocean Wise)
imports and exports
conserving fish stocks
Restoration and Stewardship Practices in Local and Global Environments (adapted from Environmental Science 11) :
Sample topics:
restoration (e.g., habitats [wetlands, streams, lakes, ocean], fish refuge or rearing structures, instream rock or natural wood structures, instream sediment management, barrier removal for fish passage, spawning gravels and shoals, water flow, aeration)
stewardship (e.g., storm drain marking, riparian plantings, fish ladders, shoreline clean-up, invasive species removal, livestock exclusion fences, 
water conservation)


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